Mainstream Jews expect that one day, God will send a new leader to be King of the Jewish People - the 'Messiah'. Mainstream Christians believe that Jesus of Nazareth, who died around 30 CE, was that Messiah, and by his death abolished the need for believers in God to follow Jewish laws and customs.

Messianic believers hold to the traditions of Judaism, while recognising Jesus of Nazareth as the promised Messiah. Many Messianic believers would identify themselves as Jewish - but would not be recognised as Jewish by synagogues and rabbis who believe the Messiah is yet to come. Messianic believers may be happy to class themselves as Christians, but some will be reluctant to do so, as they might prefer to emphasise their own sense of Jewish identity.

Particular Messianic groups might wish to identify themselves as groups which should be listed as "Jewish" and/or as "Christian" on this database. This "Messianic" category exists to accommodate those groups which wish to be identified neither as subgroups of Christianity nor of Judaism.


The Chaplaincy to the University of Glamorgan provides the following information from its own researchers. Each page has been checked by the chaplaincy advisor from the relevant faith group. Within every major religion, there are differences of opinion between leaders, and between leaders and followers. We only aim to provide an overview.